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6 Supplements to Boost your Child's Immune System


By Joshua Ng (Pharmacist, Caring Pharmacy) | Malaysia | Fri Aug 03, 2018 10:46am

HFMD: 6 Supplements to Boost your Child’s Immune System

Hand-Foot-Mouth-Disease (HFMD) is contagious. This viral infection spreads from person to person by direct contact with nose and throat discharges, saliva, fluid from blisters, or the stool of infected persons. Children are more susceptible to HFMD as children have a less developed immune system as compared to adults. 1

Below are a few immunity boosting ingredients available at your local pharmacy. This article explains how they function.

Vitamin C 2
  • It is a potent antioxidant that acts against oxidative stress that may lead to cell damage
  • It supports the cell walls of cells, thereby creating a stronger barrier against pathogens
  • It enhances the ability of white blood cells (i.e. neutrophils) fight against harmful organisms
  • It can prevent and treat respiratory infections
Probiotics 3
  • It can improve the function of immune cells i.e. dendritic cells, macrophages, T and B lymphocytes
  • It is able to increase the production of cytokines needed fight off infections
  • Antiviral properties have been observed in strains such as Bifidobacterium Breve, B. Longum, L. rhamnosus, L.acidophilus & L. casei
Lactoferrin 4
  • It has iron sequestration abilities (it can “remove” iron from harmful organisms)
  • It can bind to the cell membranes and protect the host cells from the entry of virus
  • It can increase maturation of immune cells such as T cell and B cells and improve antiviral activity
  • It is shown to be resistant to low PH therefore will not degrade easily when passing through the stomach
Colostrum 5
  • Sourced from cow milk (within 16 hours of a calf birth)
  • Contains lactoferrin which has antiviral abilities
  • It is rich is immunoglobulin, growth factors and antibodies that improves the immune system
Metabolites (for probiotics) 6, 7
  • Metabolites are substances required in a biological activity
  • The mechanism is based on creating a “friendly” environment for probiotics to grow and thrive
  • In the context of boosting the immune system, metabolites can increase the effects of existing probiotics
  • It therefore can improve the antiviral effects of existing probiotics
Black Elderberry Extract 8, 9
  • It is shown to increase production of inflammatory cytokines
  • It activates the immune system by increasing production of TNF-alpha
  • Supported by strong clinical studies – one study showed it was able to reduce duration of flu symptoms to 3-4 days
  • It is also contains flavonoids that has antioxidant properties


References:

1.      Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Information Sheet. WHO (Web accessed Aug 2018). Web link: http://www.wpro.who.int/emerging_diseases/hfmd.information.sheet/en/

2.      Vitamin C and immune function. AC Carr & S Maggini. (2017), Nutrients.

3.      Probiotics and immune health. Fang Yan & DB Polk (2011). Current Opinion Gastroenterol.

4.      Lactoferrin: A review. L Adlerova, A Bartoskova & M Faldyna (2008). Veterinarni Medicina.

5.      Colostrum – its composition, benefits as a nutraceutical – a review. ML Godhia & N Patel (2013). Current Research Nutrition Food Science.

6.      Inhibitory effect of metabolites from probiotics Lactobacillus acidophilus strains on growth of pathogenic bacteria. H Pyar, KK Peh, MT Liong (2011). Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology.

7.      Product Info: Nano Biogene & Metabolites (Web accessed Aug 2018). Web link: https://www.nanojapanshop.com/biogenieandprobiotics

8.      The effect of sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product on the product of human cytokines. V Barak, T Halperin & I Kalickman (2001). European Cytokine Network.

9.      About Sambucol. (Web accessed Aug 2018). Web link: https://sambucolusa.com/pages/about-sambucol