Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, occurs when the level of glucose in your blood drops well below your fasting level. For many people with diabetes, that means a level of 3.9 mmol/L or less.
How To Manage?
When blood sugar drops below 3.9 mmol/L, there are simple ways to bring it back into a safer range. Immediately eat one of the items below. Each one has about 15 g of carbohydrates.
After 15 minutes, check your level again. If it’s still below 3.9 mmol/L eat another one of the items listed. This should be repeated until your level is above 3.9 mmol/L.
Hyperglycemia, or high fasting blood sugar, occurs when the level of glucose in your blood is too high, usually 10 mmol/L or higher.
High blood sugar is influenced by diet, physical activity, and medication. If your blood sugar is frequently high, work with your healthcare team to adjust your current regimen.
Check with your medical care team about what levels are too low or too high for you.
Besides practicing a healthy diet, eating small, frequent meals at the same time every day do help to manage your blood glucose level. Start your day off right by eating breakfast. Then space meals about 4 to 5 hours apart with a healthy snack in between. Healthy snacks between meals can help you avoid hypoglycemia. Never skip meals!
While managing blood sugar is important, maintaining or improving quality of life is essential to wellbeing. By learning about the role of food and nutrition in diabetes management, individuals can help empower themselves to improve their dietary freedom. It can be as simple as making healthy food swaps or building healthy habits. For example, using brown rice instead of white rice, drinking water instead of soda or simply cutting down portion sizes. Many respected diabetes associations, like the American Diabetes Association also endorse the use of diabetes-specific formulas (DSF) as meal replacements to help diabetes management.