Supplements for Benign Prostate Hypertrophy

As men age, the prostate gets larger.1 This will lead to the condition called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) where the prostate squeezes on the urethra, the tube that carries urine and semen out of the penis.2

The squeezing of the urethra will cause several of the following symptoms:1

  1. Dribbling when finish urinating
  2. A hard time to start urinating
  3. A weak urine stream
  4. Feeling the need to pee after just urinated 
  5. Having to go urinating frequently in a day
  6. Incontinence
  7. Sudden need to urinate
  8. Waking up several times in a night to urinate

Since BPH is a common issue faced by a large number of aging men, the interest to know what supplements may help with this condition grows day by day. The following are supplements widely used for BPH:

1. Saw Palmetto 

One of the most commonly used supplements for BPH, Saw Palmetto’s action on the prostate is suggested to be due to the blocking of the hormone testosterone’s breakdown into its byproduct, dihydrotestosterone.3 Dihydrotestosterone promotes the growth of the prostate.

2. Flower Pollen Extract

Chronic prostatitis is a painful condition that involves the inflammation of the prostate. Flower pollen extract has been proposed to be used as an anti-inflammatory agent in which it may be beneficial for those men with chronic prostatitis.4

3. Pumpkin Seed Oil

Pumpkin seed oil contains various anti-inflammatory compounds.4 Due to the potential of lowering inflammation, pumpkin seed oil is also another supplement commonly used for reducing the symptoms of BPH.

4. Soy Isoflavones

Tofu was said to help with BPH. This is likely due to the soy isoflavones contained in Tofu. Some studies have shown soy isoflavones to be beneficial for BPH patients and may reduce the symptoms of BPH.5

5. Beta-sitosterol

Beta-sitosterol is a plant compound that has been shown to have good anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory action.4 More studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of beta-sitosterol on BPH and prostate cancer.

You can always ask your pharmacist if you are unsure of what supplements contain the above active ingredients. However, if you are already having symptoms of BPH, remember to see a doctor and not skip proper treatment for your prostate.


References:

  1. What Is BPH? [Internet]. WebMD. 2022 [cited 24 May 2022]. Available from: https://www.webmd.com/men/prostate-enlargement-bph/what-is-bph
  2. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) [Internet]. Mayo Clinic. 2022 [cited 24 May 2022]. Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/turp/multimedia/img-20474776
  3. Does Saw Palmetto Affect Testosterone? [Internet]. Healthline. 2022 [cited 24 May 2022]. Available from: https://www.healthline.com/health/testosterone-saw-palmetto#how-is-it-used?
  4. Prostate Health and Supplements: Know the Facts [Internet]. Healthline. 2022 [cited 24 May 2022]. Available from: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/prostate-health-and-supplements#common-ingredients
  5. 7 Foods to Prevent an Enlarged Prostate [Internet]. Healthline. 2022 [cited 24 May 2022]. Available from: https://www.healthline.com/health/enlarged-prostate-diet#bell-peppers